Biofuels industry

Biofuels are renewable source of energy that comes from processing biomass. Although distributing and usage of biofuels is increasing, they still don’t represent sufficient substitute for petroleum products, but they provide certain state of energy independence. Basic classification of biofuels is, first, second and third generation of biofuels. First generation biofuels are biodiesel, biogas and bioethanol.
Unlike first generation biofuels which main feedstock is basically food crops like soya, corn or rapeseed, production of second generation biofuels use agricultural and forest waste as their main feedstock. Production of third generation biofuels uses algae as their main feedstock.

Except use in production of electricity and heat, lignocellulosic biomass energy crop Miscanthus x giganteus can be used in the process of anaerobic fermentation (with combination with other raw materials) in production of biogas, liquid biofuels, primarily bioethanol. Thanks to the high yields and high percentage of cellulose and hemicellulose, Miscanthus x giganteus is the ideal crop for producing biofuels.

The most important characteristics of lignocellulosic biomass are good strength, flammability, reactivity and biodegradability. Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most common polymers in the bulk structure and the nature of lignocellulosic biomass. It contains 40% to 50% cellulose, 25% to 35% hemicellulose and 15% to 20% lignin.