Chemical industry


The chemical industry of necessity requires carbon-containing resources for the production of organic chemicals. At present, these are mainly of fossil origins, such as mineral oils and their downstream products, natural gas and coal, but also include over 10 percent renewable raw materials of animal and plant origin.


Various biomass resources are available as regenerative carbon-containing raw materials. Although carbon-based resources are mainly used today for energy generation and as fuels, it can be also used for various of chemical products feedstock. Here are main bio-based product classes:

Processing of biomass depends on a type of feedstock and also on the type of product. Generally, it is based on the following flowchart: